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Psychology__1_

 Psychology

Condition

Good

Author(s):

T.L Engle & Louis Snellgrove

Type:

Hardcover

Publisher:

Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

Catagory:

Reference

Functionality:

Good

Last Copywrite:

1974

ISBN/ID:

0153748303

Weight:

3 Pds

Lot:

Private - B5


Notes: 6th Edition with library card


Chapter 1

WHAT  IS  PSYCHOLOGY

1 Studying Psychology
2 Some Questions for Which you May Be Seeking Answers
•What Psychology Is
•The Place of Psychology Among the Sciences
•What Psychology Is Not
•Are Psychologists Hypnotists?
•Can Psychologists Read People's Minds?
•Methods of Psychological Study

UNIT 2   LEARNING    28

Chapter 2  Principles of Learning    3O
•What Is Learning?
•Trial-and-Error Learning
•Classical Conditioning
•Terms Related to Classical Conditioning
•Operant Conditioning
•Terms Related to Operant Conditioning
•Operant Conditioning and Punishment
•Operant Conditioning and Programmed Learning
•Learning
•Learning by Insight
•Controversial Areas of Learning

Chapter 3  How to Learn Efficiently    57

Transfer
Other Factors in Learning Efficiency
•1. Motivation
•2. Meaningfulness
•3. Knowledge of Results
•4. Massed vs. Distributed Practice
•5. Whole Learning vs. Part Learning
•6. Mnemonic Devices
•7. Overlearning
•8. Latent Learning
•9. Serial Learning The Progress of Learning Remembering Forgetting

Chapter 4  The Process of Thinking    87
•Basic Elements of Thinking
•Concepts
•Uncritical Thinking ——
•Creative Thinking
•Imagining
•Reasoning
•Computer vs. Human Thinking
•Applying Principles of Learning to Taking Examinations

UNIT 3   UNDERSTANDING  HUMAN  BEHAVIOR

Chapter 5  Understanding Personality    116
•The Development of Personality
•Some Theories of Personality
•Scientific Techniques for Measuring Personality
◦1. Ratings
◦2. Inventories
◦3. Interviewing
◦4. Behavior Sampling
◦5. Projective Techniques

Chapter 6  How Behavior Develops    14O

Development Physical Development Motor Development Language Development Emotional Development Social Development How Personality Develops Mental Development

Chapter 7  Measuring Intellectual Ability    163
•The Meaning of Intelligence
•Individual Tests of Intelligence
•Group Tests of Intelligence
•The Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
•Practical Applications of Intelligence Tests
•Mental Retardation
•Superior Intelligence
•Criticisms of Tests

UNIT 4   PATTERNS OF  BEHAVIOR     19O

Chapters  Heredity and Environment   JL92
•Inherited Characteristics
•Some Studies of Heredity
•Heredity and Maturation
•Influences of the Environment Before Birth
•Influences of the Environment After Birth
•Interaction of Heredity and Environment

Chapter 9  Biological Influences on Behavior    214
•The Nervous Systems
•Reaction Time
•The Brain
•Convulsive Disorders
•Glands
•Emotional Behavior
•Instincts, or Species-Specific Behavior
•The Effect of Sleep on Behavior

Chapter 10  Getting to Know Your Environment    239
•Attention
•Sensation and Perception
•Vision
•Hearing
•Other Sense Fields
•Sensory Deprivation

UNIT 5 Chapter 11

EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL ADJUSTMENTS

Facing Frustration and Conflict    268
•Frustration and Conflict
•Desirable Ways of Responding to Frustration and Conflict
•Adjustment Mechanisms
•Cognitive Dissonance

Chapter 12
Some Emotional Problems of Adolescents
•Inferiority
•Daydreaming
•Thrills and Thrill-Seeking
•Family Conflicts
•Dating and Romantic Love
•Assuming the Roles of Men and Women

VII Chapter 13  Behavior Disorders and Their Treatment
•Behavior Disorders in Our Society
•Neurotic Behavior
•Psychosis
•Functional Psychoses
•Organic Psychoses
•Personality Disorders
•Treatment of Behavior Disorders

UNIT 6   SMALL GROUPS

Chapter 14
The Family Group
•The Family
•Marriage
•Love Between Children and Parents
•Children
•The Development of Conscience in Children
•The Problem of Lying
•The Problem of Cheating
•The Problem of Discipline
•The Problem of Fear
•Television Watching

Chapter 15   The Peer Group    371
•The Generation Gap
•Peer-Group Influence
•Friendship
•Popularity
•Leadership in Peer Groups

Chapter 16  Behavior in Small Groups    393
•The Composition of Small Groups
•The Size and Efficiency of Small Groups
•Belonging to Small Groups
•Some Characteristics of Small Groups
•How Roles Vary in Different Groups
•Communication Within a Group
•The Classroom as a Small Group
•Famous Studies of Behavior in Small Groups

VIII  UNIT 7   PSYCHOLOGY AND  SOCIETY    426

Chapter 17  Some Social Relationships    428
•Would You Help a Person in Distress? _
•Social Facilitation
•Social Competition
•The Effects of Competition
•Social Cooperation

Chapter 18  Psychology and Problems of Society
•Social Attitudes
•Propaganda
•Crime and Delinquency
•War
•Drugs
•Pollution
•Overpopulation
•The Role of Psychology in Solving Social Problems

Chapter 19  The World of Work    482

Choosing Your Vocation Scientific Studies of Work Thinking Work Psychology As a Vocation Looking Ahead

GLOSSARY 5O9

INDEX 525
ILLUSTRATION CREDITS 535
SPECIAL TEXT  FEATURES
UNIT 1 FEATURE:
UNIT 2 FEATURE:
UNIT 3 FEATURE:
UNIT 4 FEATURE:
UNIT 5 FEATURE:
UNIT 6 FEATURE:
UNIT 7 FEATURE:
 

Extrasensory Perception

How Much Should We Control our Environment? 112
What Is Intelligence? 188
The Work of Dr. Anastasi 264
Dr. Clark and Social Behavior Disorders 342
Love and Aggression 424 Studying and Predicting Behavior